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What is IMU’s postgraduate studies in Healthcare Management about? In this digital and technology-laden era, the healthcare industry is evolving at such an astonishing pace that professionals who aspire to higher management can ill afford to stand still. Healthcare managers are required to address not only the expectations of patients’ but also of their families and communities.

PhD in Healthcare Management

The Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Healthcare Management offers a transformative journey for exceptional students who aspire to be industry shapers. Through cutting-edge applied research, IMU will equip you to lead in healthcare management, consultancy and policy development, opening up a world of opportunities. This programme is your passport to undertaking a substantial passion project of your choice. It will instil in you the research skills required for high-level contributions. Moreover, you’ll be connected to a vibrant community and the chance to present your insights to fellow researchers and global audiences. Come make your mark in the ever-evolving landscape of healthcare.

This programme is based on individual supervised research. Doctoral researchers for the PhD in Healthcare Management will be assessed in two parts. The first will be a thesis is a required original body of work representing the methods and results of the research project. The second is an oral examination (viva voce). Your thesis must be submitted at the end of the study. Upon successful defense of the thesis, the candidate will be granted PhD status.

Key Facts


  • Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Healthcare Management


  • Throughout the year

total duration

  • Full time : 3 years
  • Part-time: 4 years

Tuition Fees

  • All IMU alumni who are self-funding their postgraduate studies and meet the eligibility criteria will be eligible for a 15% bursary (T & C apply).

Why Study PhD in Healthcare Management at IMU?

An Established Private Healthcare University

IMU is Malaysia’s first and most established private medical and healthcare university with over 30 years of dedicated focus in healthcare education. IMU achieved the SETARA – 2018/2019 Tier 6 status (Outstanding) under the Mature University category.

Cross-Discipline Research

Opportunity to build and enhance personal expertise and to conduct research in cross-disciplinary healthcare project.

Industry Driven Project

Facilitate industry / market-based research project via IMU connection with the domestic and international healthcare industry.

Contemporary Research Area in Healthcare Management

Offering wide range of contemporary research in the Healthcare Management areas.

World Class Faculty

Opportunity to engage with the best expert from well-known healthcare industry or well-established university (overseas) as co-supervisor.

Executive Programme

Accessibility to Executive Programme at top international university under Student Mobility Programme.

Networking and Professional Development

Participation into International conferences & additional offering of comprehensive research modules / Micro-credential to support in publication.

Programme Structure

Research Modules

Research Methodology;
Quantitative Data Analysis & Qualitative Data Analysis

Proposal Defense / IMUJC Approval

Presentation of PhD research proposal at IMUJC

ICL module 1 / Micro-Credential 1 (Optional)

Executive Programme

External Executive Programme / Student Mobility / International Conference

ICL module 2 / Micro-Credential 2

Data Collection & Thesis Preparation

Data collection, Data Analysis and Thesis writing

ICL module 3 / Micro-Credential 3 (Optional)

Viva Voce
Thesis submission

Proof of two (2) submitted papers to Scopus / ISI indexed journal (related to the topic of the research)

Entry Requirement

  • Master’s Degree in relevant field that accepted by the University’s Senate; or
  • Other qualifications equivalent to a Master’s degree accepted by the University’s Senate; or
  • First Class Honour Degree in a relevant field that is accepted by the University’s Senate (direct entry).
For Malaysian Students

Not applicable

For International Students

  • IELTS : Band score 6.0; or
  • TOEFL (PBT) : Overall score of 410-413; or
  • TOEFL (iBT) : Overall score of 34; or
  • Cambridge English : Advanced (CAE) : Overall score of 160; or
  • Cambridge English : Proficiency (CPE) : Overall score of 180; or
  • Pearson Test of English (PTE) : Overall score of 36;


The following categories of students are exempted from the above requirements:

  • International students from countries in which English is the first language.
  • International students who graduated from any Malaysian or other institutions where the curriculum is delivered in English.

Application and Registration Fees

Fee Malaysian Student (RM) International Student (RM)
Application Fee 150 500
Registration Fee 1,100 3,400
Refundable Caution Deposit 2,000 2,000
Student Association Fee per Semester 40 40
Tuition Fee 14,400 28,100
VIVA Fee 2,500 2,600
  • All IMU alumni who are self-funding their postgraduate studies and meet the eligibility criteria will be eligible for a 15% bursary.
  • Application fee is payable upon submission of application.
  • Registration fee and refundable caution deposit are payable upon acceptance of the offer letter issued by the IMU Admissions Office.
  • Student must adhere to the “Policy on Payment of Fees”.
  • For information on Student Visa Application fee, please refer to Visa and Immigration on the IMU website,
  • Fee payable per semester are subject to the number of credits registered.
  • *Terms and conditions apply

Fee Structure

Malaysian Student

Programme  Fee per Semester (RM)  Total Fee per Year (RM)
PhD Tuition Fee 7,200 14,400
Total Fee 14,400

International Student

Programme  Fee per Semester (RM)  Total Fee per Year (RM)
PhD Tuition Fee 14,050 28,100
Total Fee 28,100

Our Team

Prof Dr Gerard George

Group Managing Director at IMU Health

Honorary Doctorate, Economics (University of St. Gallen), PhD, Management (Virginia Commonwealth University), Executive Certificate in Directorship (SMU), MSc (Hon.), MMS (Birla Institute of Technology and Science)


Gerard “Gerry” George is Group Managing Director at IMU Health.  He is on leave as Professor of Entrepreneurship and Innovation at the McDonough School of Business at Georgetown University, Washington, DC. Previously, he was Dean and Lee Kong Chian Chair Professor of Innovation and Entrepreneurship at Singapore Management University.  Previously, he was professor at Imperial College London, London Business School and the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

An award-winning researcher and teacher, Professor George has published over 125 articles on the topics of innovation, entrepreneurship, sustainability and tackling grand challenges in society.  He achieved the Web of Science Highly Cited Researcher distinction for Cross-Field Impact, which places him among the Top 6000 scientists globally across all disciplines. He teaches across undergraduate, masters, doctorate, and executive education, in areas of innovation, entrepreneurship, managing growth, strategic leadership, governance, and global strategy. He was awarded a prestigious Professorial Fellowship from the UK’s Economic and Social Research Council to work on socially-inclusive innovation.  From 2013 to 2016, he served as Editor of the Academy of Management Journal, the flagship empirical journal in the field of management.

George serves (or has served) on several corporate and growth venture boards in India, Singapore, US and UK.  He received an Honorary Doctorate in economics from the University of St. Gallen for intellectual contributions to the fields of strategic management, innovation and entrepreneurship.  He is Fellow of the City & Guilds of London Institute and Distinguished Alumnus Award winner from Birla Institute of Technology & Science (Pilani).  He is Senior Global Fellow at the Lauder Institute at the University of Pennsylvania.

Dr Vijayesvaran Arumugam

Senior Lecturer

PhD (USM), MIT (UM), BA (UM)


Dr Vijayesvaran Arumugam is a Senior Lecturer of Community Medicine at the International Medical University, Malaysia. Currently, he is attached with the MBA in Healthcare Management programme. He has more than 12 years’ experience in lecturing undergraduate and postgraduate students. Prior to joining IMU, he was a Senior Lecturer and holds the position of Head of Collaboration at International University of Malaya-Wales from 2015 – 2019 and as Senior Lecturer who holds the position of Head of Postgraduate Studies in International University of Kuala Lumpur from 2007 – 2015. Dr Vijayesvaran Arumugam obtained his doctoral degree in International Marketing from School of Management, University Sains Malaysia.

Prof Dato Dr Syed Mohamed Aljunid


PhD (London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine), MSc (Public Health), National University of Singapore, MD (UKM)


Professor Emeritus Dato’ Dr Syed Mohamed Aljunid is a  Professor of Community Medicine  and Public Health Medicine Consultant in International Medical University. He has more than 30 years experience in academia and has served National University of Malaysia, United-Nations University-International Institute of Global Health and Kuwait University. He has developed and taught MBA (Health Care) Programmes in National University of Malaysia and Universiti Teknologi Malaysia. He has conducted more than 50 research projects; most of the projects are to support policy decisions on health economics and financing. He has supervised 46 PhD scholars and more than 200 Master students. He obtained his MD from National University of Malaysia, Master of Science in Public Health from National University of Singapore and PhD in Health Economics and Financing from London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.

A/Prof Dr Zukarnain Zakaria

Associate Professor and Programme Director

BSc (Resource Economics) UPM, MEc (UKM), PhD (Southampton, UK)


Dr Zukarnain Zakaria is an economist with more than 30 years of teaching experiences at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels. He obtained his PhD specialising in financial economics from the University of Southampton, United Kingdom. Currently, Dr Zukarnain Zakaria is an Associate Professor attached to the MBA in Healthcare Management programme. Prior to joining IMU, Dr Zukarnain Zakaria was a Senior Lecturer and held the position as the Head of Technology Management Department at the Malaysia-Japan International Institute of Technology – UTM. He has also served as a Deputy Dean of Academic of International Business School, UTM Kuala Lumpur, as well as a Director of the UTM-Japan Satellite Office, in Tokyo, Japan. Dr Zukarnain Zakaria is actively involved in research and publication. He was also a Research Fellow for the Institute for Youth Research Malaysia (IYRES) and the Maritime Institute of Malaysia (MIMA).

Prof Dr Adlina Binti Suleiman


MD (UKM), MPH (UM), MBA (Southern Cross Univ, Aust)


Prof Adlina Suleiman is a Professor of Community Medicine at the IMU. A former military medical officer, she helped set up Mawar Medical Centre Shah Alam (now SALAM Medical Centre) in1998, subsequently in 2002 she founded and became the first General Manager of University Malaya Specialist Centre. She had a short attachment at KPJ Healthcare Group before pioneering the development of the Faculty of Medicine at University Technology MARA, MAHSA University and National Defence University of Malaysia. She has an MPH from University Malaya, MBA from Southern Cross University, Australia, Fellowship on Public Health from the Academy of Medicine Malaysia and Fellow and Head of the Medical and Health Cluster of the Academy of Professors Malaysia.

A/Prof Dr Aqil Mohammad Daher

Associate Professor

Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery (Iraq), MPH (UM),PhD (UiTM)


A/Prof Dr Aqil is a lecturer of public health holding basic degree in general medicne and surgery, master of public health and PhD in public health.  His main teaching portfolio includes biostatistics, research methodology, epidemiology, and population health. He currently coordinates research methodology  module for master in science in public health at international medical university, Malaysia. Dr Aqil Plays an important role in diverse clinical and public health research that contributed to his over 1000 citations so far. He has to his credits 60 indexed publications and achieved an H-index of 14. Dr Aqil has vast experience in statistical analysis using variety of statistical models and softwares like SPSS, STATA, AMOS, SmartPLS and comprehensive meta-analysis. He acted as speaker in statistical training workshops, conferences, and postgraduate forums.

Dr Supathiratheavy Rasiah

Senior Lecturer

PhD (IMU), MSc. (South Bank University, London), MBBS (Mysore, India), Public Health Specialist (MOH), CMIA (Malaysia)


Dr Supathiratheavy Rasiah is currently an IMU faculty in the Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine. She is responsible for delivering the Health Management and Economics module on the MSc Public Health program, and the Community and digital health modules in the healthcare delivery science component of the MBBS program at IMU. She has vast experience having served in the Ministry of Health at various levels. She was responsible for the development and implementation of Health Information and Communication Technology systems in the MOH hospitals. At IMU she has supervised the MSc PH research work of the candidates. Her research interests are Quality in healthcare, Diabetes Mellitus and chronic disease management, and health informatics.


What are the main features of the programme?

Doctor of Philosophy in Healthcare Management (PHM) is a research-based doctoral programme which is focussed on in-depth and advance research in Healthcare Management related areas such as Healthcare Technology Management, Health Economics, Health Financing, Healthcare Marketing, Healthcare Human Resource Management, Health Policy, Health Tourism, and International Healthcare business.

The PhD Healthcare Management provides cutting-edge, applied research and training for students so that they may successfully pursue careers in research, academic, healthcare management consultancy and policy within several types of organisations focused on driving forward better health outcomes. PhD in Healthcare Management enable students to undertake a project led by their own interests. The programme also provides access to additional training to further support the research activities.

This programme offers two additional modules on top of compulsory Research Methodology courses that required by MQA: Quantitative Data Analysis and Qualitative Data Analysis. This will enhance students’ research skills that crucial for PhD research.

What are the minimum entry requirements to join this programme?

Admission as a candidate for the degree of PhD.

Master’s Degree in relevant field that accepted by the University’s Senate, OR

Other qualifications equivalent to a Master’s degree accepted by the University’s Senate; OR

First Class Honour Degree in a relevant field that is accepted by the University’s Senate (direct entry).

English Language Requirements

All students are normally required to provide written evidence of their ability in the English Language in order to study in IMU. The standard English Proficiency requirements are usually overall band score of IELTS 6.0 or TOEFL 550 (PBT) or 79 (IBT) or MUET band 4.

What are the admissions procedures?

Applications for admission are accepted continuously throughout the year.

The completed application and all supporting materials (transcripts, research proposal) must be on file before the application can be processed and evaluated.

Successful applicants will be notified of their acceptance by mail.

Can I enrol as full-time student and switch to part-time later?

Yes. The student and main supervisor must first notify the Dean of Postgraduate Studies for application to change his/her study status from part-time to full-time or vice versa.  The application must be submitted three (3) months before the commencement of new semester and must be supported by evidence.  The application needs to be approved by the Postgraduate by Research Programmes Curriculum and Assessment Committee (CAC) and Faculty Board, and endorsed by Senate. The newly approved study status will determine the maximum study duration.

When are the intakes?

Throughout the year.

What is the duration of the programme?

Full time – Minimum 3; Maximum 6 years

Part time –   Minimum 4; Maximum 8 years

How are the supervisors selected?

The selection of supervisor(s) will depend very much on the research area and be based on mutual agreement between both parties. The principal supervisor must be engaged within IMU whereas a co-supervisor can be from any established institution. All supervisors are subject to the credentialling guidelines of IMU.

Who will award the degree?

IMU. The degrees will be awarded by the successful completion of a thesis. Examination is by assessment of the thesis and includes an oral examination concerning the thesis and the research on which it is based. The evaluation comprises examination of the thesis and a viva voce.

What are the areas of research available for this programme?

PHM, a research-based doctoral programme is focusing on in-depth and advance research in Healthcare Management related areas such as Healthcare Technology Management, Health Economics, Health Financing, Healthcare Marketing, Healthcare Human Resource Management, Health Policy, Health Tourism, and International Healthcare business.

Can international students join this programme?


How often do students need to come to campus? Any classes?

The preparation of the thesis is largely independent. However, students are required to schedule a regular weekly meeting with their supervisor(s) and record the discussion of the meeting in the logbook.

Where can the research be conducted? On campus? Outside of campus? Local or international?

This is a social sciences-based PhD by research programme where the data normally collected using questionnaire or using secondary data. The population of study could be local as well as international.

Have a Question? Ask Us

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You will need to prepare the following documents for your application:

  • Verified copies of your academic qualifications
  • Evidence of English language proficiency
  • A copy of your MyKad or the identification page of your passport

These supporting documents needs to be attached electronically to your application. Please note that all of our programmes require payment of a non-refundable application fee after the application has been submitted. Application will only be processed once the payment for application fee has been made.

We wish you all the best with your application, and hope we will be welcoming you into one of our programmes soon!

A Word from the Programme Director


Associate Professor and Programme Director
BSc (Resource Economics) UPM, MEc (UKM), PhD (Southampton, UK)

“The global healthcare sector is among the most dynamic and rapidly growing industries in the world economy.


The health industry has become a powerful engine of economic growth. Healthcare industry can be a robust economic engine and one that indirectly creates significant social impact. The Malaysian health sector growth prospect looks extremely attractive. The Sector is expected to grow to MYR127 billion (US$30 billion) by 2027, fueled by increasing demand for healthcare services from an ageing population, rising affluence, and increasing life expectancy. Spurred by demographic shifts such as extended longevity and a rise in lifestyle, diseases such as hypertension and cardiovascular ailments, cancer and diabetes, national healthcare costs are also increasing dramatically.


The IMU doctoral programme in Healthcare Management is designed to develop scholars that can apply theoretical frameworks from the social sciences (such as economics, organisational theory and management, sociology) to address pressing health policy and management research questions. The programme is purposefully interdisciplinary and seeks to prepare students for research careers in academics as well as in public and private sector agencies and organisations. ”

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